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Last modified: 10/30/2014 3:07:44 AM
Research and Evaluation

Targeted Instructional Support Initiative in Elementary Schools–Impact Evaluation

Berhane B. Araia, Ph.D. & Carole Portas Keane, Ph.D.



This report presents findings from the impact evaluation of the Targeted Instructional Support Initiative in Elementary Schools (TISI-ES). TISI-ES is a program that aims to improve the reading skills of second grade students by improving the teaching skills of second grade teachers.  The impact evaluation tested the underlying logic on which the initiative’s theory of action is based, documented the change in second grade reading proficiency at the school level, and determined the extent to which the initiative impacted second grade reading at the school and classroom levels.  Findings showed that the logic is sound in that participation in the program leads to changes in instructional practice and perceptions of self-efficacy among participating teachers, which contributes to higher reading achievement for students.  TISI-ES schools achieved higher rates of growth in second grade reading proficiency from SY2013 to SY2014 compared with other schools in the district, thereby reducing the achievement gap, but still lagged behind at the end of SY2014.  Further analysis demonstrated that the positive impact of the intervention on the growth in school-level reading proficiency was highly dependent on schools retaining a higher proportion of their second grade teachers from the previous year.  In the aggregate, classrooms in TISI-ES schools still had lower reading proficiency than classrooms in the comparison schools at the end of SY2014.  However, reading achievement in classrooms of TISI-ES participating teachers who stayed in the same school for both SY2013 and SY2014 was higher than it was expected to be in the absence of the program.  

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    Did You Know?

    In SY2012, 21 percent of middle grades students were enrolled in Algebra I.



    More than 33,600 students, 9,000 parents, and 5,700 teachers participated in the 2017 School Climate Survey.