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Last modified: 10/14/2013 5:54:41 PM
Research and Evaluation

Determinants of Participation and Success in Select Advanced Placement (AP) Courses within PGCPS

Volume 1: AP English Language and Composition  

 Carole Portas Keane, Ph.D. and Kola K. Sunmonu, Ph.D.  


This report represents the second of two studies that focus on the Advanced Placement (AP®) program.  In the first study published in February, 2013 trends in AP participation and exam success were analyzed.  The purpose of this study is to discover factors that influence enrollment in the AP English Language and Composition course and student success on the course-related AP exam.  The student-level data utilized for this study are drawn from PGCPS administrative records as well as the annual Graduate Survey and the biannual School Climate Survey for graduates from 2009 through 2012.  Logistic regression models were developed to predict participation and exam success in AP English Language.  The findings suggest that students who plan to earn a bachelor’s degree or higher, were encouraged to make a post-high school plan, have positive opinions about the value of English courses, and feel their school has high expectations for student achievement are more likely to enroll in the course.  Students who indicate that their school emphasizes basic skills or were informed about non-college options for after high school were less likely to enroll.  Students who earn a B or higher in the AP English Language course, take the AP English Language Seminar and indicate that the English instruction at their school is of high quality are more likely to earn a three or higher on the AP English Language exam.  Still, adequate preparation is the most important factor for succeeding in earning a three or higher on the AP English Language exam.

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    Did You Know?

    Participation in Advanced Placement (AP) courses is on the rise; an increase of 15 percentage-points since 2009.


    More than 33,600 students, 9,000 parents, and 5,700 teachers participated in the 2017 School Climate Survey.