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  • Going with the Flow- A.K.A. Water Wall

     Grade 4

     Water wall 2Water wall 3

    Program Description
    Students will work as engineering design teams to create a path for water to flow down the wall without any leaks. Each team will design the path on a paper grid that is a scale model of the wall. Working with constraints including limited and unfamiliar materials, time and a budget, teams will purchase materials from their allotted budget and use a spreadsheet to do their calculations. Students will work cooperatively to build their prototype using the materials purchased. Teams will test and revise as needed. Teams’ success will be based on meeting the criteria of each challenge.

    Resources

    Pre-Visit Materials
    Lesson Plan
    Post Visit Materials

    Next Generation Science Standards

    Performance Expectation 

    3-5-ETS1-1 Define a simple design problem reflecting a need or a want that includes specified criteria for success and constraints on materials, time, or cost.

    3-5-ETS1-2 Generate and compare multiple possible solutions to a problem based on how well each is likely to meet the criteria and constraints of the problem.

    3-5-ETS1-3 Plan and carry out fair tests in which variables are controlled and failure points are considered to identify aspects of a model or prototype that can be improved.

    Science and Engineering Practices

    Asking Questions and Defining Problems
    Planning and Carrying Out Investigations
    Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions
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    Connections to Nature of Science
    Scientific Knowledge is Based on Empirical Evidence

    Disciplinary Core Ideas

    ETS1.A: Defining and Delimiting Engineering Problems
    ETS1.B: Developing Possible Solutions
    ETS1.C: Optimizing the Design Solution

     Cross Cutting Concepts

     Influence of Science, Engineering, and Technology on Society and the Natural World
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    Connections to Nature of Science
    Science is a Human Endeavor

     Maryland College and Career-Ready Standards (MD-CCRS)
    ELA/Literacy
    SL1.b Follow agreed-upon rules for discussions and carry out assigned roles.
    SL1.c Pose and respond to specific questions by making comments that contribute to the discussion and elaborate on the remarks of others
     
    Mathematics
    MP1. Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them.
    MP2. Reason abstractly and quantitatively.
    MP3. Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others.
    MP$4. Model with mathematics.
    MP5. Use appropriate tools strategically.
    MP6. Attend to precision.

    MD.A.1
    Know relative sizes of measurement units within one system of units including km, m, cm; kg, g; lb, oz.; l, ml; hr, min, sec. Within a single system of measurement, express measurements in a larger unit in terms of a smaller unit. Record measurement